Good cooperation between all relevant stakeholders at national level is essential to ensure adequate access to protection and support for victims of trafficking, the same goes for claiming compensation. As human trafficking often relates to a cross border crime, also international cooperation between all relevant stakeholders is of utmost importance. This paper describes the in general requested cooperation between stakeholders and examines factors that lead to the success or failure of cooperation between stakeholders, both nationally and internationally, in the referral of victims towards a compensation claim.
The co-operative framework through which state actors fulfil their obligations to protect and promote the human rights of trafficked persons, co-ordinating their efforts in a strategic partnership with civil society at the national context- is referred to as National Referral Mechanism (NRM)1 in the anti-trafficking discourse. The basic aims of an NRM are to ensure that the human rights of trafficked persons are respected and to provide an effective way to refer victims of trafficking to services. This papers in particularly examinesthose aspects of the co-operative framework through which the state and non-state actors facilitate access to compensation for victims of crime.